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Version: 3.8.0-beta.25 (Latest)

Module: Hanging Protocol

Overview

Hanging protocols are an essential part of any radiology viewer. OHIF uses Hanging Protocols to handle the arrangement of the images in the viewport. In short, the registered protocols will get matched with the DisplaySets that are available. Each protocol gets a score, and they are ranked. The winning protocol (highest score) gets applied and its settings run for the viewports to be arranged.

In OHIF-v3 hanging protocols you can:

  • Define what layout the viewport should starts with (e.g., 2x2 layout)
  • Specify the type of the viewport and its orientation (e.g., stack, volume with Sagittal view)
  • Define which displaySets gets displayed in which viewport of the layout (e.g,. displaySet that has modality of 'CT' and 'SeriesDescription' of 'Coronary Arteries' gets displayed in the first viewport of the layout)
  • Apply certain initial viewport settings (e.g., inverting the contrast, jumping to a specific slice, etc.)
  • Add specific synchronization rules for the viewports (e.g., synchronize the zoom of the viewports of the index 1, 2 OR synchronize the VOI of the viewports of the index 2, 3)

Using hangingProtocolModule you can provide/register the protocols for OHIF to utilize.

Here is an example protocol which if used will hang a 1x3 layout with the first viewport showing a CT image, the second viewport showing a PT image and the third viewport showing their fusion, all in Sagittal orientations to achieve a view of

const oneByThreeProtocol = {
id: 'oneByThreeProtocol',
locked: true,
name: 'Default',
createdDate: '2021-02-23T19:22:08.894Z',
modifiedDate: '2022-10-04T19:22:08.894Z',
availableTo: {},
editableBy: {},
imageLoadStrategy: 'interleaveTopToBottom',
protocolMatchingRules: [
{
attribute: 'ModalitiesInStudy',
constraint: {
contains: ['CT', 'PT'],
},
},
],
displaySetSelectors: {
ctDisplaySet: {
seriesMatchingRules: [
{
weight: 1,
attribute: 'Modality',
constraint: {
equals: {
value: 'CT',
},
},
required: true,
},
{
weight: 1,
attribute: 'isReconstructable',
constraint: {
equals: {
value: true,
},
},
required: true,
},
],
},
ptDisplaySet: {
seriesMatchingRules: [
{
attribute: 'Modality',
constraint: {
equals: 'PT',
},
required: true,
},
{
weight: 1,
attribute: 'isReconstructable',
constraint: {
equals: {
value: true,
},
},
required: true,
},
{
attribute: 'SeriesDescription',
constraint: {
contains: 'Corrected',
},
},
],
},
},
stages: [
{
id: 'hYbmMy3b7pz7GLiaT',
name: 'default',
viewportStructure: {
layoutType: 'grid',
properties: {
rows: 1,
columns: 3,
},
},
viewports: [
{
viewportOptions: {
viewportId: 'ctAXIAL',
viewportType: 'volume',
orientation: 'sagittal',
initialImageOptions: {
preset: 'middle',
},
syncGroups: [
{
type: 'voi',
id: 'ctWLSync',
source: true,
target: true,
},
],
},
displaySets: [
{
id: 'ctDisplaySet',
},
],
},
{
viewportOptions: {
viewportId: 'ptAXIAL',
viewportType: 'volume',
orientation: 'sagittal',
initialImageOptions: {
preset: 'middle',
},
},
displaySets: [
{
id: 'ptDisplaySet',
},
],
},
{
viewportOptions: {
viewportId: 'fusionSAGITTAL',
viewportType: 'volume',
orientation: 'sagittal',
initialImageOptions: {
preset: 'middle',
},
syncGroups: [
{
type: 'voi',
id: 'ctWLSync',
source: false,
target: true,
},
],
},
displaySets: [
{
id: 'ctDisplaySet',
},
{
options: {
colormap: 'hsv',
voi: {
windowWidth: 5,
windowCenter: 2.5,
},
},
id: 'ptDisplaySet',
},
],
},
],
createdDate: '2021-02-23T18:32:42.850Z',
},
],
numberOfPriorsReferenced: -1,
};


function getHangingProtocolModule() {
return [
{
id: 'oneByThreeProtocol',
protocol: oneByThreeProtocol,
},
];
}

Skeleton of a Protocol

The skeleton of a hanging protocol is as follows:

Id

unique identifier for the protocol, this id can be used inside mode configuration to specify which protocol should be used for a specific mode. A mode can request a protocol by its id (which makes OHIF to apply the protocol without matching), or provides and array of ids which will make the ProtocolEngine to choose the best matching protocol (based on protocolMatching rules, which is next section).

imageLoadStrategy

The image load strategy specifies a function (by name) containing logic to re-order the image load requests. This allows loading images viewed earlier to be done sooner than those loaded later. The available strategies are:

  • interleaveTopToBottom to start at the top and work towards the bottom, for all series being loaded
  • interleaveCenter is like top to bottom but starts at the center
  • nth is a strategy that loads every nth instance, starting with the center and end points, and then filling in progressively all along the image. This results in partial image view very quickly.

protocolMatchingRules

A list of criteria for the protocol along with the provided points for ranking.

  • weight: weight for the matching rule. Eventually, all the registered protocols get sorted based on the weights, and the winning protocol gets applied to the viewer.
  • attribute: tag that needs to be matched against. This can be either Study-level metadata or a custom attribute such as "StudyInstanceUID", "StudyDescription", "ModalitiesInStudy", "NumberOfStudyRelatedSeries", "NumberOfSeriesRelatedInstances" In addition to these tags, you can also use a custom attribute that you have registered before. We will learn more about this later.
  • from: Indicates the source of the attribute. This allows getting values from other objects such as the prior instance object instead of from the current one.
  • constraint: the constraint that needs to be satisfied for the attribute. It accepts a validator which can be [equals, doesNotEqual, contains, doesNotContain, startsWith, endsWidth]

  • RuleSingle ValueArray ValueExample
    equals===All members are === in same ordervalue = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']
    testValue = 'abc' (Fail)

    = ['abc'] (Fail)

    = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI'] (Valid)

    = ['abc', 'GHI', 'def'] (Fail)

    = ['abc', 'def'] (Fail)

    value = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = 'Attenuation Corrected' (Valid)
    = 'Attenuation' (Fail)

    value = ['Attenuation Corrected']
    testValue = ['Attenuation Corrected'] (Valid)
    = 'Attenuation Corrected' (Valid)
    = 'Attenuation' (Fail)
    doesNotEqual!==Any member is !== for the array, either in value, order, or lengthvalue = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']
    testValue = 'abc' (Valid)
    = ['abc'] (Valid)
    = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI'] (Fail)
    = ['abc', 'GHI', 'def'] (Valid)
    = ['abc', 'def'] (Valid)

    value = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = 'Attenuation Corrected' (Fail)Valid

    = 'Attenuation' (Valid)

    value = ['Attenuation Corrected']
    testValue = ['Attenuation Corrected'] (Fail)
    = 'Attenuation Corrected' (Fail)
    = 'Attenuation' (Fail)
    includesNot allowedValue is equal to one of the values of the arrayvalue = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']
    testValue = ['abc'] (Valid)

    = ‘abc’ (Fail)

    = [‘abc’] (Fail)

    = ‘dog’ (Fail)

    = = [‘att’, ‘abc’] (Valid)

    = ['abc', 'def', 'dog'] (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'dog'] (Fail)


    value = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = ['Attenuation Corrected', 'Corrected'] (Valid)
    = ['Attenuation', 'Corrected'] (Fail)


    value = ['Attenuation Corrected']
    testValue = 'Attenuation Corrected' (Fail)
    = ['Attenuation Corrected', 'Corrected'] (Valid)
    = ['Attenuation', 'Corrected'] (Fail)
    doesNotIncludeNot allowedValue is not in one of the values of the arrayvalue = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']
    testValue = ‘Corr’ (Valid)

    = ‘abc’ (Fail)

    = [‘att’, ‘cor’] (Valid)

    = ['abc', 'def', 'dog'] (Fail)


    value = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = ['Attenuation Corrected', 'Corrected'] (Fail)
    = ['Attenuation', 'Corrected'] (Valid)


    value = ['Attenuation Corrected']
    testValue = 'Attenuation' (Fail)
    = ['Attenuation Corrected', 'Corrected'] (Fail)
    = ['Attenuation', 'Corrected'] (Valid)
    containsIString containment (case insensitive)String containment (case insensitive) is OK for one of the rule valuesvalue = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = ‘Corr’ (Valid)
    = ‘corr’ (Valid)

    = [‘att’, ‘cor’] (Valid)

    = [‘Att’, ‘Wall’] (Valid)

    = [‘cat’, ‘dog’] (Fail)



    value = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']
    testValue = 'def' (Valid)

    = 'dog' (Fail)

    = ['gh', 'de'] (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'dog'] (Fail)
    containsString containment (case sensitive)String containment (case sensitive) is OK for one of the rule valuesvalue = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = ‘Corr’ (Valid)
    = ‘corr’ (Fail)
    = [‘att’, ‘cor’] (Fail)
    = [‘Att’, ‘Wall’] (Valid)

    = [‘cat’, ‘dog’] (Fail)


    value = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']

    testValue = 'def' (Valid)
    = 'dog' (Fail)

    = ['cat', 'de'] (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'dog'] (Fail)
    doesNotContainString containment is falseString containment is false for all values of the arrayvalue = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = ‘Corr’ (Fail)


    = ‘corr’ (Valid)

    = [‘att’, ‘cor’] (Valid)

    = [‘Att’, ‘Wall’] (Fail)

    = [‘cat’, ‘dog’] (Valid)

    value = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']
    testValue = 'def' (Fail)


    = 'dog' (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'de'] (Fail)

    = ['cat', 'dog'] (Valid)
    doesNotContainIString containment is false (case insensitive)String containment (case insensitive) is false for all values of the arrayvalue = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = ‘Corr’ (Fail)

    = ‘corr’ (Fail)

    = [‘att’, ‘cor’] (Fail)

    = [‘Att’, ‘Wall’] (Fail)

    = [‘cat’, ‘dog’] (Valid)


    value = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']
    testValue = 'DEF' (Fail)

    = 'dog' (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'gh'] (Fail)

    = ['cat', 'dog'] (Valid)
    startsWithValue begins with charactersStarts with one of the values of the arrayvalue = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = ‘Corr’ (Fail)

    = ‘Att’ (Fail)

    = ['cat', 'dog', 'Att'] (Valid)

    = [‘cat’, ‘dog’] (Fail)


    value = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']
    testValue = 'deg' (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'GH'] (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'gh'] (Fail)

    = ['cat', 'dog'] (Fail)
    endsWithValue ends with charactersends with one of the value of the arrayvalue = 'Attenuation Corrected'
    testValue = ‘TED’ (Fail)

    = ‘ted’ (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'dog', 'ted'] (Valid)

    = [‘cat’, ‘dog’] (Fail)


    value = ['abc', 'def', 'GHI']
    testValue = 'deg' (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'HI'] (Valid)

    = ['cat', 'hi'] (Fail)

    = ['cat', 'dog'] (Fail)
    greaterThanvalue is => to ruleNot applicablevalue = 30

    testValue = 20 (Valid)
    = 40 (Fail)

    lessThanvalue is <= to ruleNot applicablevalue = 30

    testValue = 40 (Valid)
    = 20 (Fail)
    rangeNot applicable2 value requested (min and max)value = 50

    testValue = [10,60] (Valid)
    = [60, 10] (Valid)

    = [0, 10] (Fail)

    = [70, 80] (Fail)

    = 45 (Fail)

    = [45] (Fail)
    notNullNot ApplicableNot ApplicableNo value

    A sample of the matching rule is above which matches against the study description to be PETCT

    {
    id: 'wauZK2QNEfDPwcAQo',
    weight: 1,
    attribute: 'StudyDescription',
    constraint: {
    contains: {
    value: 'PETCT',
    },
    },
    required: false,
    },

from attribute

The from attribute allows getting the attribute to test from some other object such as the prior study, the list of studies overall or another module provided value. Some of the possible attributes are:

  • prior: To get the value from the prior study.
  • activeStudy: To match the active study
  • studies: To match the list of studies to display
  • displaySets: The display sets for the current study
  • allDisplaySets: Alll available display sets
  • instance: An instance from the current display set being tested
  • options: Gets the options object itself, eg if you want a simple top level value.

displaySetSelectors

Defines the display sets that the protocol will use for arrangement.

  displaySetSelectors: {
ctDisplaySet: {
seriesMatchingRules: [
{
weight: 1,
attribute: 'Modality',
constraint: {
equals: {
value: 'CT',
},
},
required: true,
},
{
weight: 1,
attribute: 'isReconstructable',
constraint: {
equals: {
value: true,
},
},
required: true,
},
],
},
ptDisplaySet: {
seriesMatchingRules: [
{
attribute: 'Modality',
constraint: {
equals: 'PT',
},
required: true,
},
{
weight: 1,
attribute: 'isReconstructable',
constraint: {
equals: {
value: true,
},
},
required: true,
},
{
attribute: 'SeriesDescription',
constraint: {
contains: 'Corrected',
},
},
],
},
}

As you see above we have specified two displaysets: 1) ctDisplaySet , 2) ptDisplaySet The ctDisplaySet will match against all the series that are CT and reconstructable The ptDisplaySet will match against all the series that are PT and reconstructable.

As you see each selector is composed of an id as the key and a set of seriesMatchingRules (displaySetMatchingRules) which gives score to the displaySet based on the matching rules. The displaySet with the highest score will be used for the id.

stages

Each protocol can define one or more stages. Each stage defines a certain layout and viewport rules. Therefore, the stages property is array of objects, each object being one stage.

viewportStructure

Defines the layout of the viewer. You can define the number of rows and columns. There should be rows * columns number of viewport configuration in the viewports property. Note that order of viewports are rows first then columns.

viewportStructure: {
type: 'grid',
properties: {
rows: 1,
columns: 2,
viewportOptions: [],
},
},

In addition to the equal viewport sizes, you can define viewports to span multiple rows or columns.

viewportStructure: {
type: 'grid',
properties: {
rows: 1,
columns: 2,
viewportOptions: [
{
x: 0,
y: 0,
width: 1 / 4,
height: 1,
},
{
x: 1 / 4,
y: 0,
width: 3 / 4,
height: 1,
},
],
},
},

viewports

This field includes the viewports that will get hung on the viewer.

viewports: [
{
viewportOptions: {
viewportId: 'ctAXIAL',
viewportType: 'volume',
orientation: 'sagittal',
initialImageOptions: {
preset: 'middle',
},
syncGroups: [
{
type: 'voi',
id: 'ctWLSync',
source: true,
target: true,
},
],
},
displaySets: [
{
id: 'ctDisplaySet',
},
],
},
// the rest
],

As you can see in the hanging protocol we defined three viewports (but only showing one of them right above). Each viewport has two properties:

  1. viewportOptions: defines the viewport properties such as
    • viewportId: unique identifier for the viewport (optional)
    • viewportType: type of the viewport (optional - options: stack, volume - default is stack
    • background: background color of the viewport (optional)
    • orientation: orientation of the viewport (optional - if not defined for volume -> acquisition axis)
    • toolGroupId: tool group that will be used for the viewport (optional)
    • initialImageOptions: initial image options (optional - can be specific imageIndex number or preset (first, middle, last))
    • syncGroups: sync groups for the viewport (optional) -The displayArea parameter refers to the designated area within the viewport where a specific portion of the image can be displayed. This parameter is optional and allows you to choose the location of the image within the viewport. For example, in mammography images, you can display the left breast on the left side of the viewport and the right breast on the right side, with the chest wall positioned in the middle. To understand how to define the display area, you can refer to the live example provided by CornerstoneJS here.
  1. displaySets: defines the display sets that are displayed on a viewport. It is an array of objects, each object being one display set.
    • id: id of the display set (required)
    • options (optional): options for the display set
      • voi: windowing options for the display set (optional: windowWidth, windowCenter)
      • voiInverted: whether the VOI is inverted or not (optional)
      • colormap: colormap for the display set (optional, it is an object with { name } and optional extra opacity property)
      • displayPreset: display preset for the display set (optional, used for 3D volume rendering. e.g., 'CT-Bone')

Custom attribute

For any matching rules you can specify a custom attribute too. For instance, if you have a timepoint attribute in for each of your studies, you can use that in the matching rules.

{
id: 'wauZK2QNEfDPwcAQo',
weight: 1,
attribute: 'timepoint',
constraint: {
equals: {
value: 'baseline',
},
},
required: false,
},

and then you need to register a callback in the HangingProtocolService to get the value for the attribute.

HangingProtocolService.addCustomAttribute(
'timepoint', // attributeId
'addCustomAttribute', // attributeName
study => { // callback that returns the value for the attribute
const timePoint = fetchFromMyCustomBackend(study.studyInstanceUid);
return timePoint;
}
);

Matching on Prior Study with UID

Often it is desired to match a new study to a prior study (e.g., follow up on a surgery). Since the hanging protocols run on displaySets we need to have a way to let OHIF knows that it needs to load the prior study as well. This can be done by specifying both StudyInstanceUIDs in the URL. The additional studies are then accessible to the hanging protocol. Below we are running OHIF with two studies, and a comparison hanging protocol available by default.

http://localhost:3000/viewer?StudyInstanceUIDs=1.3.6.1.4.1.25403.345050719074.3824.20170125095438.5&StudyInstanceUIDs=1.3.6.1.4.1.25403.345050719074.3824.20170125095722.1&hangingprotocolId=@ohif/hpCompare

The &hangingProtocolId option forces the specific hanging protocol to be applied, but the mode can also add the hanging protocols to the default set, and then the best matching hanging protocol will be applied by the run method.

To match any other studies, it is required to enable the prior matching rules capability using:

  // Indicate number of priors used - 0 means any number, -1 means none.
numberOfPriorsReferenced: 1,

The matching rule that allows the hanging protocol to be runnable is:

  protocolMatchingRules: [
{
id: 'Two Studies',
weight: 1000,
// This will generate 1.3.6.1.4.1.25403.345050719074.3824.20170125095722.1
// since that is study instance UID in the prior from instance.
attribute: 'StudyInstanceUID',
// The 'from' attribute says where to get the 'attribute' value from. In this case
// prior means the second study in the study list.
from: 'prior',
required: true,
constraint: {
notNull: true,
},
},
],

The display set selector selecting the specific study to display is included in the studyMatchingRules. Note that this rule will cause ONLY the second study to be matched, so it won't attempt to match anything in other studies. Additional series level criteria, such as modality rules must be included at the seriesMatchingRules.

  studyMatchingRules: [
{
// The priorInstance is a study counter that indicates what position this study is in
// and the value comes from the options parameter.
attribute: 'studyInstanceUIDsIndex',
from: 'options',
required: true,
constraint: {
equals: { value: 1 },
},
},
],

Callbacks

Hanging protocols in OHIF-v3 provide the flexibility to define various callbacks that allow you to customize the behavior of your viewer when specific events occur during protocol execution. These callbacks are defined in the ProtocolNotifications type and can be added to your hanging protocol configuration.

Each callback is an array of commands or actions that are executed when the event occurs.

[
{
commandName: 'showDownloadViewportModal',
commandOptions: {}
}
]

Here, we'll explain the available callbacks and their purposes:

onProtocolExit

The onProtocolExit callback is executed after the protocol is exited and the new one is applied. This callback is useful for performing actions or executing commands when switching between hanging protocols.

onProtocolEnter

The onProtocolEnter callback is executed after the protocol is entered and applied. You can use this callback to define actions or commands that should run when entering a specific hanging protocol.

onLayoutChange

The onLayoutChange callback is executed before the layout change is started. You can use it to apply a specific hanging protocol based on the current layout or other criteria.

onViewportDataInitialized

The onViewportDataInitialized callback is executed after the initial viewport grid data is set and all viewport data includes a designated display set. This callback runs during the initial layout setup for each stage. You can use it to perform actions or apply settings to the viewports at the start.

Here is an example of how you can add these callbacks to your hanging protocol configuration:

const protocol = {
id: 'myProtocol',
name: 'My Protocol',
// rest of the protocol configuration
callbacks: {
onProtocolExit: [
// Array of commands or actions to execute on protocol exit
],
onProtocolEnter: [
// Array of commands or actions to execute on protocol enter
],
onLayoutChange: [
// Array of commands or actions to execute on layout change
],
onViewportDataInitialized: [
// Array of commands or actions to execute on viewport data initialization
],
},
// protocolMatchingRules
// the rest
};